History & Periods

King Henry I Beauclerc (1100 – 1135) The House of Normandy

Name: King Henry I
Born: September, 1068 at Selby, Yorkshire
Parents: William I and Matilda of Flanders
Relation to Elizabeth II: 24th great-grandfather
House of: Normandy
Ascended to the throne: August 3, 1100 aged 31 years
Crowned: August 6, 1100 at Westminster Abbey
Married: (1) Edith (Matilda), Daughter of Malcolm III
(2) Adelicia, Daughter of Geoffrey VII, count of Louvain
Children: Daughter Matilda, son William, and reputedly Read more

King William II Rufus (1087 – 1100)

Picture Credit: National Portrait Gallery
King William II (‘Rufus’) after Unknown artist line engraving 3 1/8 in. x 2 3/4 in. (78 mm x 71 mm) plate size; 3 3/4 in. x 3 1/8 in. (94 mm x 78 mm) paper size acquired Unknown source, 1957
Name: King William II Rufus
Born: c.1056 at Normandy
Parents: William Read more

List of Thomas Edison Patents

Introduction
The Major Inventions of Thomas Edison
Phonograph – History
The first great invention developed by Edison in Menlo Park was the tin foil phonograph. While working to improve the efficiency of a telegraph transmitter, he noted that the tape of the machine gave off a noise resembling spoken words when played Read more

King William I The Conqueror (1066 – 1087) The House of Normandy

Name: King William I The Conqueror
Born: September 1028 at Falaise, Normandy
Parents: Robert I, Duke of Normandy, and Arlette daughter of Fulbert (illegitimate)
Relation to Elizabeth II: 25th great-grandfather
House of: Normandy
Ascended to the throne: December 25, 1066 aged 38 years
Crowned: December 25, 1066 at Westminster Abbey
Married: Matilda, Daughter of Count of Flanders
Children: 4 sons including William II and Henry I, Read more

Quick Facts About The Middle Ages in The British Isles

The Middle Ages – 1066 -1485
The Middle Ages encompass one of the most turbulent periods in English History. Starting with the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest – when William the Conqueror effectively took all of the lands from the Saxon English and gave them to French nobles. Read more

King Harold II (1066) and The Battle of Hastings

Name: King Harold II
Born: c.1020
Parents: Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and Gytha of Denmark
Relation to Elizabeth II: husband of the 30th great-grandmother
House of: Wessex
Ascended to the throne: January 5, 1066
Crowned: January 6, 1066 at Westminster Abbey, aged c.43
Married: (1) Eadgyth (Swan-neck), Daughter of Earl of Mercia (2) Ealdyth widow of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn
Children: 1 or 2 sons and several Read more

King Edward The Confessor (1042 – 1066)

Name: King Edward The Confessor
Born: c.1004 at Islip
Parents: Ethelred II and Emma of Normandy
Relation to Elizabeth II: 27th great-granduncle
House of: Wessex
Ascended to the throne: June 8, 1042
Crowned: April 3, 1043 at Winchester Cathedral, aged c.39
Married: Edith, Daughter of Earl Godwin of Wessex
Children: None
Died: January 5, 1066 at Westminster
Buried at: Westminster Abbey
Reigned for: 23 years, 6 months, and 28 days
Succeeded by: his brother-in-law Read more

King Harthacnut (1040 – 1042)

Name: King Harthacnut
Born: c.1018
Parents: Cnut and Emma of Normandy
Relation to Elizabeth II: 1st cousin 28 times removed
House of: Denmark
Ascended to the throne: March 17, 1040
Crowned: June, 1040 at Canterbury Cathedral, aged c.22
Married: Unmarried
Children: None
Died: June 8, 1042 at Lambeth, London
Buried at: Winchester
Reigned for: 2 years, 2 months, and 21 days
Succeeded by: his half brother Edward
Was the eldest son of King Canute II Read more

King Harold I Harefoot (1035 – 1040)

Pictured: Harold Harefoot in the 13th century The Life of King Edward the Confessor by Matthew Paris
Name: King Harold I Harefoot
Born: c.1016
Parents: Cnut and Elfigfu
Relation to Elizabeth II: 27th great-granduncle
House of: Denmark
Ascended to the throne: November 12, 1035
Crowned: 1037 at Oxford, aged c.28
Married: Unmarried
Children: None
Died: March 17, 1040 at Oxford
Buried at: Westminster reburied Southwark
Reigned for: 4 years, 4 months, and 4 days
Succeeded by: his half brother Read more

King Cnut (Canute) (1016 – 1035)

Pictured: A 13th century portrait of Cnut the Great. It shows him as a king of Christendom.
Name: King Cnut (Canute)
Born: c.995 at Denmark
Parents: Sweyn I (Forkbeard) and Gunhilda
Relation to Elizabeth II: husband of the 27th great-grandaunt
House of: Denmark
Ascended to the throne: November 30, 1016
Crowned: January, 1017 at Old St Paul’s Cathedral, aged c.22
Married: (1) Emma of Normandy (2) Read more