Monthly Archives: April 2013

The Meaning of Authentic

The issue of authentication has become ever more pressing in an era when the value of art, the world’s premier luxury commodity, is predicated on the aura of authen­ticity.
A drawing assumed to be a skilful 19th-century pastiche of Leonardo da Vinci until a recent (largely rejected) attribution to Read more

First Edition Barbie

Barbie doll is one of the most popular dolls in the world. The first Barbie doll introduced by Mattel, Inc. in 1959. These dolls are produced in Japan, their clothes are handmade and stitched with great detail. This very popular doll for girls, some of these dolls are very Read more

Literary Theory and Criticism

Literary theory and literary criticism are interpretive tools that help us think more deeply and insightfully about the literature that we read. Over time, different schools of literary criticism have developed, each with its own approaches to the act of reading.
Schools of Interpretation
Cambridge School (1920s–1930s): A group of scholars at Read more

Literary Movements and Periods

Literature constantly evolves as new movements emerge to speak to the concerns of different groups of people and historical periods.
Absurd, literature of the (c. 1930–1970): A movement, primarily in the theater, that responded to the seeming illogicality and purposelessness of human life in works marked by a lack of clear Read more

Elements of Style

Figures of Speech
Figures of speech are expressions that stretch words beyond their literal meanings. By connecting or juxtaposing different sounds and thoughts, figures of speech increase the breadth and subtlety of expression.
Alliteration: The repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants, at the beginning of words. For example, Robert Frost’s poem “Out, out—” Read more

Literary Terms Narrative

A narrative is a sequence of events that a narrator tells in story form. A narrator is a storyteller of any kind, whether the authorial voice in a novel or a friend telling you about last night’s party.
Point of View
The point of view is the perspective that a narrative takes toward the events it describes.
First-person Read more

Common Literary Forms and Genres

Allegory: A narrative in which literal meaning corresponds clearly and directly to symbolic meaning. For example, the literal story in John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress—Christian’s journey from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City—is an allegory for the spiritual journey from sin to holiness.
Anecdote: The brief narration of a single event Read more

Elements of Poetry

Poetry is a literary form characterized by a strong sense of rhythm and meter and an emphasis on the interaction between sound and sense. The study of the elements of poetry is called prosody.
Rhythm and Meter
Rhythm and meter are the building blocks of poetry. Rhythm is the pattern of sound created by the Read more