A detailed and and frequently updated list of the most expensive paintings ever
by G. Fernández – theartwolf.com
There are a lot of websites displaying “the 10 most expensive paintings ever sold” or similar lists. But unfortunately, most of these lists are incorrect, often being obsoletes, often ignoring the private sales and showing only those pictures sold at auction. This list showcases paintings sold at either public auctions or private sales, and it is frequently updated. In addition to ‘confirmed’ sales, at the end of the list you can find a few works whose price has not being confirmed despite the rumours about exorbitant sums
1. PAUL CÉZANNE
“The Card Players”, 1892/93
This is the last version of this famous composition by Paul Cézanne still in private hands. The fabulous psychological intensity in the faces of the players make this painting a masterpiece of post-impressionist art.
2. JACKSON POLLOCK
“Number 5, 1948”, 1948
Right now, this stunning “drip” by Jackson Pollock is the most expensive contemporary painting ever sold, though the exact price was never confirmed (but the price displayed here is generally accepted to be true). The exorbitant sum demonstrates not only the strenght of the Art market, but also the increasing interest for the contemporary works of Art.
3. WILLEM DE KOONING
“Woman III”, 1952-53
This painting is the only “Woman” by Willem de Kooning still in private hands. One of this women described by T. Hess as “black goddesses”
4. GUSTAV KLIMT
“Adele Bloch-bauer I”, 1907
The acquisition of this iconic work by cosmetic magnate Ronald Lauder caused a shock in the Art world, not only for the spectacular sum paid for it, but also for the way it was sold, far away from the noisy auction houses. The painting was part of a group of five canvases which had been recently returned to the heirs of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. The Nazis confiscated his paintings during the World War II, and after the war, the canvases were placed at the National Gallery of Austria in 1948.
5. EDVARD MUNCH
“The Scream”, 1895
This iconic work is the most expensive painting ever sold at auction. The work is the most colorful of the four versions of Edvard Munch’s masterpiece ‘The Scream’, and the only one still in private hands
6. PABLO PICASSO
“Nude, Green Leaves and Bust”, 1932
This sensual and colorful masterpiece the most expensive work by Picasso ever sold at auction. The work, formerly in the collection of Mrs. Sidney F. Brody, had been never exhibited in public since 1961
7. PABLO PICASSO
“Garçon a la pipe”, 1904
The sale of this young smoker was a milestone in the Art auctions world. It broke the record that Vincent van Gogh held since 1990, and it was the first time that the $100 million barrier was broken. Although the name of the buyer was not revealed, some sources says that he could be Guido Barilla, the Italian pasta magnate.
8. ANDY WARHOL
“Eight Elvises”, 1963
This unique work by Warhol, measuring over 12 feet long, had been at the collection of Roman collector Annibale Berlingieri for over 40 years. It surpassed the previous world record for a work by Warhol, the $71.7 million paid at Christie’s New York in 2007 for “Green Car Crash (Green Burning Car I)”
9. PABLO PICASSO
“Dora Maar au chat”, 1941
Dora Maar (1907-1997) met Picasso in 1930, and their relationship lasted until 1946. A native from Paris, raised in Argentina and therefore fluent in Spanish, Maar was one of Picasso’s favourite models. This painting, measuring 130- 97 cm, was recently rediscovered and authenticated by Picasso’s daughter, Maya Widmaier Picasso. You can read theArtWolf’s article informing about this sale in this link.
“Diana and Actaeon”, 1556-1559
This work have all the splendour and glory of the best of Titian’s ‘painted poetries’. It was previously at the Duke of Sutherland collection, who offered it to the U.K. It has a “sister picture”, “Diana and Callisto”, bought for £45 million ($72 million) in 2012.
Gustav Klimt “Adele Bloch-bauer II “, 1912 – $87.9 million(2006) – Sold only a few months later than Klimt’s first version of Adele, this extremely appealing canvas was the star lot in a highly succesful auction in which four works by Klimt -including this- totalled a stunning $192 million
Mark Rothko: “Orange, Red, Yellow”, 1961 – $86.9 million(2012) – This 1961 painting was the centerpiece of the Pincus Collection, sold at Christie’s on May 8 2012.
Francis Bacon: “Tryptich, 1976”, 1976 – $86.3 million(2008) – Francis Bacon is one of the most sought-after names in the Art market, and this work easily surpassed its impressive $70 million pre-sale estimate at Sotheby’s.
Vincent van Gogh: “Portrait of Doctor Gachet”, 1890 – $82.5 million (1990) – The story about this famous and brilliant work resumes by itself the “Japanese buyer boom” of the late 80s and early 90s: great painting, sold for an astronomic amount of money to a Japanese buyer (Ryoei Saito), who was later ruined, and the whereabouts of the painting are now unknown. Some sources places it in Europe , waiting for its return to the Art market
Claude Monet: “Le bassin aux nymphéas”, 1919 – $80.6 million (2008) – This green pictorial symphony almost duplicated it pre-sale highest estimate and smashed the previous auction record for a Monet when it was auctioned at Christie’s London, June 2008
Jasper Johns: “False Start”, 1959 – $80 million (2006) – This iconic work by Johns, sold by David Geffen (see Pollock’s ‘Number 5’ and Kooning’s ‘Woman’), is the highest price ever paid for a work by a living artist
Andy Warhol: “Turquoise Marilyn”, 1964 – $80 million(2007) – Bought by Mr. Steve Cohen, the price was not confirmed but is generally accepted to be true
Pierre Auguste Renoir: “Le moulin de la Galette”, 1876 –$78.1 million (1990) – Another victim of the Japanese “buy it and forget it” boom was this masterpiece by Renoir, the little sister of the version currently exhibited at the Orsay. The painting was bought by Ryoei Saito (see Van Gogh’s ‘Portrait of Dr. Gachet) for $78.1 million at Sotheby’s, 1990, and sold in 1997 to a “European private collector” for $50 million
Peter Paul Rubens: “Massacre of the innocents”, 1610/11– $76.7 million (£49.5 million) – Bought by Kenneth Thompson at Sotheby’s London, July 2002. The flamboyant and dramatic work by Rubens -though recently some voices discussing its authenticity have been heard- could also fight for the title of “most unexpected success”: Christie’s had estimated its price at a mere £5 million
Mark Rothko: “White center (yellow, pink and lavender on rose)”, 1950 – $72.8 million (2007) – Once in the collection of David Rockefeller, the work was sold at Sotheby’s New York for more than $72 million, making it one of the most expensive contemporary artworks ever sold at auction
Titian: “Diana and Callisto”, 1556-59 – $72 million (2012) – The Duke of Sutherland offered the painting to the United Kingdom for £45 million in 2009. Later, the Duke and his family agreed to a further reduction of the asking price to £45 million.
Andy Warhol: “Green Car Crash (Green Burning Car)”, 1963 – $71.7 million (2007) – Sold two days after the work above, in a record $384 million sale of contemporary Art
Vincent van Gogh: “Portrait of the artiste sans barbe”, 1889-$71.5 million (1998) – Van Gogh once again. The sale of this great picture -not a masterpiece, however- represented an extraordinary success -the auction house had estimated it in less than a half of its final price- and began the recuperation of the Art market after the crisis of the middle 90s.
Titian: “Portrait of Alfonso d’Avalos”, 1533 – $70 million(2004) – A sum never confirmed, but also never denied, by its buyer, the Getty Museum. The glorious painting -it worths every dollar paid for it- was exhibited for many years in the Louvre Museum, lent by the owners, and in fact the Parisian Museum had the opportunity of acquire it for a sum much lower than the $70 million paid by the Californian museum.
Amedeo Modigliani: “Nude Sitting on a Divan (La Belle Romaine)”, 1917 – $68.9 million (2010) – World auction record for a Modigliani
Thomas Eakins: “The Gross clinic”, 1875 – $68 million(2006) – The picture, previously in the Thomas Jefferson University, was purchased in november 2006 by the National Gallery of Washington and the new Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, setting a record for a 19th-century American painting.
Andy Warhol: “Men in her life”, 1962 – $63.4 million (2010) – Sold at Phillips de Pury & Company
Willem de Kooning: “Police Gazette”, 1955 – $63 million(2006) – Bought by Steven Cohen, at the time one of the leading forces on the Art market (see Kooning’s ‘Woman III’), this acquisition -completed just months before his failed attempt to purchase Picasso’s “The dream”- is still one of the highest prices ever paid for a work by a contemporary artist.
Paul Cezanne: “Rideau, crouchon et compotier”, 1893/94 –$60.5 million (1999) – World auction record for a Cézanne
Kazimir Malevich: “Suprematist Composition”, 1916 – $60 million (2008) – The painting was once in the collection of the Stedelijk Museum, and then it was returned to the artist’s heirs.
Vincent van Gogh: “Wheat field with cypresses”, 1889 – $57 million (1993) – The third van Gogh in this list. The price is really spectacular if we consider that it was paid in 1993, in the middle of the recession after the boom of the late 80s. The philanthropist Walter Annenberg lent the work to the Metropolitan Museum shortly afterwards.
Pablo Picasso: “Femme aux bras croisés”, 1904 – $55 million (2000)
Vincent van Gogh: “Irises”, 1888 – $53.9 million (1991) – Later resold to the Getty Museum in Malibú, California
Francis Bacon: “Study for Innocent X”, 1962 – $52.7 million (2007) – Sold at the same auction in which Mark Rothko’s “White center (yellow, pink and lavender on rose)” went for $72.8 million (see above)
Pablo Picasso: “Les noces de Pierrette”, 1904 – $51.9 million (1989)
LEONARDO DA VINCI(attributed to)
“Madonna dei fusi”, 1501
Let’s put a lot of question marks on this sum. In fact, it is almost sure that this almost offensive number is an exaggerated hype. Nevertheless, the spectacular price suggested -it would be the most expensive painting ever sold- deserves to be commented here. You can read more about this painting in this article
VINCENT VAN GOGH
“Self-portrait with bandaged ear”, 1889
This highly important work was previously in the collection of Leigh B. Block in Chicago , and then it was quietly purchased by the Niarchos family. The sum -never confirmed- is not absurd given the high quality of the painting.
There are still several Art masterpieces in private hands, waiting to shine at the Art market. You can find them at our article about The most important paintings in private hands